This report presents how the various negotiators of the El Salvador peace process, which lasted two years from 1990 to 1992, approached the issues of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of rebel and government forces; security sector reform; the control of vast quantities of weapons in circulation throughout the country after decades of militarisation; and strategies for assisting those traumatised and disabled by armed violence. It is one of three country studies – the others consider Burundi and Sudan – for HD’s Negotiating Disarmament project.