This concise publication explores the reasons for women’s under-representation in peace processes, both in terms of participation in peace processes and gender content in agreements. With a focus on the Asia and the Pacific region, the publication puts forward the experiences of women from different Asian countries (Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Timor Leste, India, Solomon Islands, and Nepal), to highlight the benefits and obstacles to their participation in such processes, as well as practical recommendations on how to make international norms and women’s expectations a reality in peacemaking. The publication also offers suggestions for those involved in peace processes on these issues as well as a set of annexes with a list of recommended resources; a shorthand explanation of key international standards related to women’s rights; and a set of ‘pointers’ for mediation teams on issues they should be focusing on. This publication was produced as part of the ‘Women at the Peace Table – Asia Pacific’ project, which brings together women active in peacemaking across the region to identify strategies for improving women’s participation in peace processes.