While examples of complementarity between United Nations (UN) sanctions and peace mediation efforts are generally rare, there are instances in which sanctions contribute positively to reaching a ceasefire, negotiating peace agreements, maintaining peace settlements, and achieving peacebuilding goals. In the publication, UN sanctions and peace negotiations: possibilities for complementarity, the authors explore the nature, use and effectiveness of sanctions and identify mechanisms through which UN targeted sanctions support peacebuilding. While there are several reasons to expect that sanctions might complicate mediation efforts, the publication concludes that mediation processes and sanctions are not inherently contradictory and puts forward some recommendations on ways to improve the co-ordination between the two.

UN sanctions and peace negotiations is the fourth paper in the Oslo Forum Papers series. The Oslo Forum Papers seek to advance thinking and debate on key, yet sensitive, issues linked to armed conflict mediation and international peacemaking.