An HD Centre study in partnership with the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and the United States Institute for Peace (IPA) into informal justice systems in Burundi. The study, which includes data gathered from the field as well as documentary data, examines the possibilities of a closer collaboration between the two legal systems which coexist in Burundi: the formal system, that of the courts and tribunals, as well as all of the legal institutions; and the informal system represented mainly by the bashingantahe institution, to prevent and resolve conflicts. The study also provides a picture of the interventions already undertaken by the international community and the local civil society and finally proposes how the international community can support the two systems to contribute to the restoration of the rule of law.