• Senior Associate at Carnegie Europe
  • Executive Secretary-General of the EU’s European External Action Service (2010 to 2015)
  • Career in the French diplomatic service for 38 years 
  • Holds the title of Ambassador of France, bestowed for life, and also a Knight of the French National Order of Merit
  • Joined HD’s Board in 2015. Chair in 2016 to 2019 and from late 2021